Edema: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Edema: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

The word Edema comes from the Greek word meaning of this word is swelling. When an excessive amount of fluid retention occurs in the body swelling is formed.

This is also responsible for cognitive failure or blockage in the leg. Nowadays, edema is a common problem for people and may cause long-term diseases.  

This blog outlines the cause, symptoms, and treatment of edema. This problem commonly occurs in adult people and pregnant women. In this condition, they have been suffering from pain.

If you are suffering from edema and looking for some remedy, this blog will be beneficial for you. 

What is Edema?

Edema is an abnormal build-up of fluid in human tissues that result in swelling and discomfort in the leg. It is a common problem and can affect the various organs of the body.

This is most commonly seen in the leg, ankles, feet, hands, and arms. It can occur in health and can affect the entire human body. This problem commonly occurs among pregnant women and adult people.

In this condition, people have been feeling pain in their legs and face difficulties walking and doing daily activities. 

Cause of Edema 

Small blood arteries that leak into the tissues and adjacent causes it to happen.  The surrounding tissues swell when the additional fluid accumulates.

In some cases such as an infection, edema aids in the body's healing by attracting extra white blood cells that fight infections to the swollen location. The common causes are discussed below. 

Allergic Reaction

Nearby blood vessels leak fluid into the affected area in response to an allergen. The majority of allergy responses include edema.

Blood Clots

Any blockage that prevents blood from flowing from such a clot is in vain, and it causes edema. If an abreast lump presses against a lymph duct or a vein, it may result in edema. Fluids may seep into the surrounding tissue when pressure increases.


Severe illnesses can be major cause of Edema such as heart failure, kidney disease, thyroid disorders, blood clots, and major allergic reactions. Because of these types of problems, the fluid is stored in the body tissue and forms edema in the body. 

Varicose veins 

Varicose veins are enlarged, knobby rough, and twisted, damaging the valves of the vein. Because of this the pressure has been increased and increases the risk of the fluid leaking into the tissue surroundings.

Moreover, hormonal problems can also be another cause of edema and it causes severe pain in the human body.   

Symptoms of Edema 

The symptoms of edema depend on the location of the body. Swelling in the leg is not an injury but is a common symptom of edema.

The puffiness has occurred in the affected area and because of this, the people are suffering from major health problems. This problem mainly forms in the ankles and wrists of people. Some symptoms are listed below.

  • Stretched and shiny skin 
  • Aching body parts and stiff joints
  • Higher pulse rate and blood pressure 
  • Headache

Treatment of Edema 

The edema can be prevented by the proper medication. Following a proper therapeutic diet will be helpful to treat this problem and develop the condition of the person. The fluid retention in the body increases the urine production rate. 

  • To recover early, patients should avoid alcohol and tobacco.  
  • Patients should use com[resion socks because they will help to improve the blood circulation level among the body tissue and reduce the pain. 
  • Healthy eating habits will also be beneficial for recovering from this disease because it is good for fulfilling the nutritional requirements of the body. Because of this, it will reduce the pain in the ankle. 
  •  Patients should regularly exercise to improve their muscle activity.  The proper work of muscle will be helpful to heal edema. 


This concludes the main cause of symptoms and treatment of edema. Most adult people and pregnant women are suffering from edema.

To recover it you must use compression socks for improving your blood circulation.